Friday, May 12, 2017

Thyroid hormone and lipid metabolism

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.                     

                                 Thyroid hormone

Thyroid hormone (triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)), produced by the thyroid gland, plays an important role in regulation of metabolism, including directly boosts energy metabolism and triggers rapid protein synthesis and regulates mitochondrial gene transcription, etc. Iodine is necessary for the production of T3and T4, deficiency of Iodine can lead to enlarge thyroid grand and goitre.

     Thyroid hormone and lipid metabolism

Thyroid hormone (T3) and its receptor (TR) have the diverse effects on the lipid metabolism and hypothyroidism causes hypercholesterolaemia characterized by increased levels of low-density ripoproteins (LDL). In the study by Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, researchers described that the existence of the complex cross-talks in the lipid metabolism between TR and other nuclear hormone receptors including peroxisome proliferator -activated receptors (PPARs), liver X receptor alpha (LXRalpha) and farnesoid X receptors (FXRs). Understanding for the function of TRs and other nuclear factors may provide the new approach to the control of hypercholesterolaemia(2).

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