Thursday, May 25, 2017

Thyroid hormone: Effect of iodine deficiency and cold exposure on thyroxine 5'-deiodinase activity

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.                     

                                 Thyroid hormone

Thyroid hormone (triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4)), produced by the thyroid gland, plays an important role in regulation of metabolism, including directly boosts energy metabolism and triggers rapid protein synthesis and regulates mitochondrial gene transcription, etc. Iodine is necessary for the production of T3and T4, deficiency of Iodine can lead to enlarge thyroid grand and goitre.

     Thyroid hormone: Effect of iodine deficiency and cold exposure on thyroxine 5'-deiodinase activity 

In the study to measure the thyroxine 5'-deiodinase I (T(4)5'D-I) activity in thyroid, liver, and kidney and thyroxine 5'-deiodinase II (T(4)5'D-II) activity in brown adipose tissue (BAT) in rats on a low-iodine diet (LID) and to test the possibility that increased deiodinase activity in these tissues might contribute to the maintenance of ther serum 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) level, found that increased thyroxine(T4)-to-T3 conversion in the greatly enlarged thyroids of LID rats contributed to the maintenance of serum T3. T(4)5'D-II activity in BAT was markedly increased in LID rats and was further greatly increased on cold exposure(15).

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