Friday, February 10, 2017

Hormone Prostaglandins and other lipid mediators in Alzheimer's disease

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.                     

                      Hormone Prostaglandins

Prostaglandins, are a group of lipid mediators, found and isolated from human semen in the 1930s by Ulf von Euler of Sweden, responsible for inflammation features, such as swelling, pain, stiffness, redness and warmth. The hormones are produced by almost all nucleated cells and synthesized in the cell from the essential fatty acids (EFAs), include prostacyclin I2 (PGI2), prostaglandin E2(PGE2), and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α)

     Hormone Prostaglandins - other lipid mediators in Alzheimer's disease

In the central nervous system (CNS), prostaglandin (PG) and other bioactive lipids regulate vital aspects of neural membrane biology, including protein-lipid interactions, trans-membrane and trans-synaptic signaling. According to the study by Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, showed that biochemical mechanisms of PLA2 overactivation and its pathophysiological consequences on CNS structure and function have been extensively studied using animal models and brain cells in culture triggered with PLA2 inducers, PGs, cytokines, and related lipid mediators. Moreover, the expression of both COX-2 and PLA2 appears to be strongly activated during Alzheimer's disease (AD), indicating the importance of inflammatory gene pathways as a response to brain injury. How brain PLA2 and brain PGs are early and key players in acute neural trauma and in brain-cell damage associated with chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as AD.(1).

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