Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Hormone Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and vascular reactivity

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.                     

          Hormone Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter derived from tryptophan, primarily found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, platelets, and in the central nervous system (CNS). In Gut, serotonin regulates intestinal movements, in CNS, it regulates mood, appetite, sleep, memory and learning, etc.

     Hormone Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and vascular reactivity

In the study of Serotonin causes of contraction of the vascular smooth muscle cells in most blood vessel, found that at low concentrations serotonin amplifies the vasoconstrictor responses to other vasoactive substances. Ultimately the effect of serotonin on vascular constriction is defined by the balance between these different actions. In the intact organism under normal conditions serotonin may play a modulatory role but exacerbation of the contractile effects because of hypersensitivity of the smooth muscle cells, local physical or humoral factors or loss of the relaxatory ability may lead to abnormal tissue responses. Thus, serotonin-induced vasoconstrictor responses may play a role in the etiology of vasospasm and peripheral vascular diseases, in particular at sites of endothelial lesions(16).


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