Thursday, April 6, 2017

Hormone Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and the blood vessel wall

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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          Hormone Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 

Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter derived from tryptophan, primarily found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, platelets, and in the central nervous system (CNS). In Gut, serotonin regulates intestinal movements, in CNS, it regulates mood, appetite, sleep, memory and learning, etc.

     Hormone Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and the blood vessel wall

Serotonin has complex effects on the cardiovascular system. In the intact animal it may cause increases or decreases of blood pressure and in isolated blood vessels contraction or relaxation depending on the species and vascular bed studied, the route of administration and the dosage used. According to the study by Dr. Vanhoutte PM and Dr. Lüscher TF. serotonin may act indirectly by amplifying the response to norepinephrine and other agonists, by displacing norepinephrine from adrenergic nerve terminals or releasing constrictor substance(s) from the endothelium. Dilatation in response to serotonin is mediated by endothelial and prejunctional S1-serotonergic receptors which pharmacologically resemble 5-HT1-binding sites. In hypertension, constrictor responses to serotonin are augmented, while the vasodilator effects of the monoamine are decreased. The constrictor response to serotonin is increased more than those to other agonists, suggesting a functional rather than a structural adaptation of the hypertensive blood vessel wall. In hypertension the turnover of circulating platelets, the major source of peripheral serotonin, is accelerated and the mechanisms for the removal of the monoamine are impaired. The functional changes of the blood vessel wall and platelets could play a role in the maintenance of the increased peripheral vascular resistance in chronic hypertension, and they could be involved in the pathogenesis of complications of the hypertensive process(17).


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