Monday, September 19, 2016

Chinese Medicine Herbal Therapy - Popular Chinese Herbs - Qu Mai (Herba Dianthi)

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

          Qu Mai (Herba Dianthi)

Qu Mai is also known as Fringed pink. The bitter and cold herb has been used in TCM to treat gonorrhea, edema, urinary tract inflammation, difficulty in urination, irregular menses, amenorrhea, dystocia, etc., as it clears heat, promote urination and edema, etc. by enhancing the heart, small intestine and bladder channels.

1. Phycion
2. Emodin
3. Methyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate
4. Methyl 3-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)
5. Propionate
6. β-sito-sterol-3-O-glucoside
7. Emodin-8-O-glucoside
8. Isoorientin
9. Etc.

Health Benefits
1. HepG2 cell line
In the study to examine apoptosis of HepG2 cells induced by ethyl acetate fraction (EE-DS), and the mechanism underlying apoptosis, indicated that apoptosis of HepG2 cells induced by EE-DS could be through the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) data showed that the composition of EE-DS is complicated. Further studies are needed to find the effective constituents of EE-DS(1).

2. Diuretic effects
In the study to detect the susceptibility of urogenital chlamydia trachomatis(CT) to 12 kinds of diuretic traditional Chinese medicines, indicated that all the 12 kinds of diuretic traditional Chinese medicines had inhibitory activities for urogenital CT, with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) from 0.122 to 62.5 The activities of Dianthus superbus L., Poria cocos(Shcw.) Woft, Polyporus umbellatus and Artemissia capillaris were stronger. The number and volume of CT inclusions reduced gradually and disappeared finally with the rise of concentration(2).

3. Antimutagenic activity
In the study to evaluate the antimutagenic activities of extracts of 36 commonly used anticancer crude drugs from Chinese herbs, using the Salmonella/microsomal system in the presence of picrolonic acid or benzo[a]pyrene to test whether they contain direct or indirect antimutagens, showed that the extracts of 6 other different kinds of Chinese herbs were shown to have a moderate antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation, and they are: Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC. and Crotalaria sessiflora L., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T. The extracts of Smilax china L., Prunella vulgaris L. and Actinidia chinensis P. were demonstrated to inhibit the mutagenicity of benzo[a]pyrene completely. The 12 other kinds of extracts of Chinese herbs which had a moderate antimutagenic activity against benzo[a]pyrene were: Pteris polyphylla S., Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., Duchesnea indica F., Gossypium herbaceum L., Lithospermum erythrorrhizon SZ., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Selaginella doederleinii H., Dianthus superbus L., Centipeda minima ABA., Curcuma zedoaria R., Marsdenia tenacissima WA. and Kalopanax septemlobus K. Among them, there were 5 kinds of crude drugs, Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., containing antimutagenic factors against both picrolonic acid- and benzo[a]pyrene-induced mutation(3).

4. Etc.

Side Effects
1. Do not use the herb in case of spleen deficiency or kidney deficiency
2. Do not use the herb in newborn, children or if you are pregnant or breast feeding without first consulting with the related field specialist.
3. Etc.

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