Saturday, September 3, 2016

Most Common Diseases of Ages of 50 Plus: Prostate Cancer - The Diagnosis and tests

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Among elderly men, cancer of the prostate (451 per 100,000), the lung (449 per 100,000) and the colon (176 per 100,000) make up around half of all diagnosed cancers. Prostate cancer is around 22 times more frequent among elderly men than among younger men. The corresponding most frequent cancers among elderly women, making up 48% of all malignant cancers, are breast (248 per 100,000), colon (133 per 100,000), lung (118 per 100,000) and stomach cancer (75 per 100,000), According to the Danish Cancer Society, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology(PubMed)

Cancer is a class of diseases in which a group of cells growing and multiplying disordered and uncontrollable way in our body, have become progressively worse and damaged other healthy tissues, sometimes spreads to other organs in the body via lymph or blood and results may be in death.

                             Prostate Cancer

Prostate warped around the around a tube (the urethra) is a gland of the male reproductive system found in front of the rectum and just below the bladder and responsible for making some of semen that carries sperm.

Prostate cancer is defined as a condition in which the cells of prostate has become cancerous, causing abnormal cell growth which spread to the distant parts of the body. Most prostate cancers are slow growing and enlarged prostate and prostate cancer may be detected during the Physical (rectum) exams.

                             Diagnosis and tests

A. Blood tests
1. Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
Digital rectal examination is included of physical exam, if you have some of the above symptoms or during an general exam. In DRE, your doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to feel the surface of the prostate gland to check for any abnormality of prostate.

2. Trans rectal Ultrasound (TRUS)
Ultrasound allows your doctor to visualize and assess the size of your prostate and to check for any abnormality and surrounding area with image taken from the test. In transcrectal ultrasound, a probe is inserted into the rectum to emit ultrasonic impulses against the prostate.

3. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
The test is to measure the levels of rostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein produced by the prostate. The high levels of PSA may be a indication of higher risk of the presence of prostate cancer.

4. Prostatic Acid Phosphatase (PAP) test
Prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) is a test to measure the level of prostatic acid phosphatase, an enzyme produced by the prostate. The higher the levels of PAP is an indication of the disease progression.

B. Prostate biopsy

In prostate biopsy, samples of prostate are taken by a thin, tube-like instrument to examine under microscopy to review the stage of the cancer.

C. Bone scan
It is a nuclear scanning test, beside mostly used in identifying new areas of bone growth and damage to the bones breakdown, it can also evaluates the metastasis (spread) of cancer in the bone, if you doctor suspected that the prostate cancer has been spreading to the bone.

D. Etc.
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