Tuesday, September 13, 2016

Women Health: Peri-Menopause - The Symptoms

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.


Peri-Menopause is defined as a condition in which women are experience the irregular menstrual cycle due to the hormonal decline gradually, including shorter, longer, heavy, light period and some menopause symptoms. Perimenopause, in fact is a transition stage to menopause, and the length of this transition can be 3-10 years or longer. Once you have no menstrual period in 12 consecutive months, you have officially entered 12 months of menopause already.

                                    The Symptoms

1. Irregular period
In the early of peri menopause, the ovaries are in the stage of irregular response to the follicle stimulating hormone that can lead to anovulation, causing irregular menstruation.

2. Follicle stimulating hormone
The rise of FSH as a result of no response of ovaries in production of estrogen for the production of mature egg.

3. Hot flash and irregular sleep hour
As the result of hormonal change, and a woman is experience some symptom of peri menopause. Statistic showed that approximately over 65% of women in the stage of peri menopause are experience hot flashes.

4. Mood swing and irritability
It can be the result of hormone imbalance or the diminishing of sex hormone, including estrogen and progesterone. Some researchers suggested that it may also be caused by fatigue due to symptoms of irregular sleep and hot flash.

5. Vaginal and bladder problem
As the levels of sex hormone decrease, it can lead to the change in the acidic environment of vagina, causing bacteria infection that affect the health of vagina and bladder.

6. Decrease fertility
It is due to the ovaries no longer response instantaneously to the hormone follicle stimulating hormone in releasing estrogen for mature eggs.

7. Bone loss
AS the levels of estrogen decrease, it causes the lost of calcium in the bone, leading to lower bone density and increasing the risk of fracture. According to the study of "Characterization of perimenopausal bone loss", a prospective study, byRecker R, Lappe J, Davies K, Heaney R., researchers concluded that menopausal bone loss is a composite of loss caused by estrogen deprivation and age per se for the hip and total body, but is caused by estrogen deprivation alone for the spine.

8. Cholesterol
Low levels of estrogen increase the levels of bad cholesterol LDL and decrease the levels of good cholesterol HDL In a sudy of "EXOGENOUS ESTROGEN EFFECT ONLIPID/LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL IN TRANSSEXUAL MALES" by M.D. Damewood, J.J. Bellatoni, P.S. Bachorik, A.W. Kimball Jr. and J.A. Rock, researcher found that The total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio may be predictive as to the development of coronary artery disease. The calculated risks for cardiovascular disease in the transsexual groups of males studies was 3.49 and 4.05, below the range of standard risks for men (5.0) and slightly lower than the standard risk for women .

9. Etc.

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