Thursday, January 28, 2016

Most Common Diseases of elder: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Respiratory Disease): The Causes

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Respiratory Disease is defined as medical conditions which affect the breathing organ and tissues including Inflammatory lung disease, Obstructive lung diseases, Restrictive lung diseases, Respiratory tract infections, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, the nerves and muscles breathing , etc,.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD))is the third leading cause of death in the United State.
             Types of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
1. Emphysema, a type of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is defined as a long term and progressive condition cause of shortness of breath but depending to the stage of lung function as a result of damage to tissues of the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. In the study of 63 patients with stable COPD (spirometric GOLD stages 2–4) and 17 age- and comorbidity-matched controls, researchers found that in contrast to asthma, COPD is characterised by elevated concentrations of both BDNF and TGF-beta1 in serum. The stage-dependent association with lung function supports the hypothesis that these platelet mediators may play a role in the pathogenesis of COPD(1). In some cases, but rarely, Emphysema is caused by Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency emphysema.

2. Chronic bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the lung’s bronchi cause of the increased production of mucus in the lung of that leading to difficult breathing.

                                          The Causes

1. Early age smoking and organic solvent exposure
There is a report of 27-year-old man who had been a smoker since 14 years of age presented with exertional dyspnea. Approximately three years earlier, he had been occupationally been exposed to an organic solvent and felt dyspnea during its use. He later developed severe dyspnea and received treatment for asthma. But Spirometry and high-resolution computed tomography scans suggested a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). High susceptibility, smoking from an early age and organic solvent exposure may have caused early-onset COPD in this case(10).
2. Second hand smoke
Prolonged exposure to heavy second hand smoke may cause COPD, as It introduces thousands of toxic chemicals into the lung, including carcinogens and oxidants, which cause direct airway epithelium tissue destruction. According to the study by University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, the use of animal models for both cigarette smoke (CS) and SHS associated in vivo experiments has been crucial in elucidating the pathogenic mechanisms and genetic components involved in inflammation-related development of COPD(11).
3. Smoking both tobacco and marijuana
In the study to determine the combined and independent effects of tobacco and marijuana smoking on respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the general population, researchers at the St. Paul’s Hospital and the University of British Columbia, found that the risks of respiratory symptoms and of COPD were related to a synergistic interaction between marijuana and tobacco(12).
4. Other causes
There is good evidence for an increased risk of COPD from certain specific exposures (coal mine dust, silica, welding fume, textile dust, agricultural dust, cadmium fume). Areas of controversy Less clear is the causal role of non-specific dusts or fumes/gases in general populations where the available literature is notably uncritical, according to the study by Dr. Cullinan P. (13)


  1. (MUST READ: COPD TREATMENT) I am Granny bee from Portland, Oregon, USA. I was diagnosed of COPD/Emphysema in Providence St. Vincent Medical Center in 2014. In August 2016 my condition worsened and my doctor advised me for Lung volume reduction surgery to remove part of my lungs, making room for the rest of the lung to work better, considering the risk involved i was scared and i resorted online for help, I was in a health website when i read a testimony of a woman from Canada who was totally cured of COPD through the herbal remedy she purchased from a herbal clinic in South Africa, i immediately contacted this herbal center via their email and purchased the COPD herbal remedy, i received the herbal remedy within 7 days via courier service and commenced usage. After 3 weeks and two days of usage, i did another lungs function test and CT scan to be sure, my doctor confirmed my airway are repaired, Thank you Dr Abumere herbal center. Contact this herbal center via their email:abumereherbalcentre@gmai