Wednesday, July 27, 2016

Women Health: The Obesity and Pregnancy' Research and Studies of Obesity and gastroschisis in young maternal age

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Obesity is a medical condition of excess body fat accumulated overtime, while overweight is a condition of excess body weight relatively to the height. According to the Body Mass Index(BMI), a BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered over weight, while a BMI of over 30 is an indication of obesity. According to the statistic, 68% of American population are either overweight or obese.

You can calculate your BMI index BMI= weight (kg)/ height (m2)

The Studies of Obesity and gastroschisis in young maternal age

Young maternal age has been associated with an increased risk of gastroschisis, while high maternal weight status has been associated with a decreased risk. In the study to evaluate the joint effect of these two risk factors to identify thresholds in risk associated with body mass index (BMI) for a given age, from the data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study included 464 case infants with gastroschisis and 4842 healthy controls, by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, posted in PubMed, showed that women who are younger and who have lower BMI are at the greatest risk; a woman with a BMI of 17 who gives birth at age 15 has 7 times the odds (adjusted odds ratio = 7.0 [95% CI 4.2, 11.5]) of having an offspring with gastroschisis compared with a woman of age 24 with a BMI of 23. Furthermore, there was an interaction between maternal age and BMI for this risk. The increased risk of low maternal age and prepregnancy BMI associated with gastroschisis appears to suggest an aetiological role related to biological immaturity for this particular birth defect.

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