Wednesday, July 6, 2016

Traditional Chinese Medicine Herbal Therapy - Popular Chinese Herbs - Fo Shou (Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis)

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar and Master of Nutrients, all right reserved)
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

               Fo Shou (Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis)

Fo Shou is also known as Fingered Citron. The bitter, warm acrid herb has been used in TCM as anti-asthma and anti inflammatory agent and to sooth the musce, protect the heart muscles , treat tighten in chest, flatulence, burping, nausea, chronic cough, etc., as it soothes the Liver, regulates the Qi and the Middle Burnner, Transforms Phlegm, etc., by enhancing the functions of liver, spleen, and lung channels.

1. Citropten,
2. Limettin
3. Diosmin
4. Hesperidin
5. Limettin
6. Diosmin
7. Hesperidin
8. 3,5,6-trihydroxy-4’-7- dimethoxyfavone
9. Etc.

Health Benefits
1. Type 2 diabetes
In the investigation ofInsulin secretagogue bioactivity of Finger citron [Citrus medica L. var. Sarcodactylis Hort, Rutaceae] (FC) fruits, widely cultivated in Japan, found that FC fruits that concomitantly possess insulin secretagogue and slimming effects would be very beneficial to type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, according to “Insulin secretagogue bioactivity of finger citron fruit (Citrus medica L. var. Sarcodactylis Hort, Rutaceae)” by Peng CH, Ker YB, Weng CF, Peng CC, Huang CN, Lin LY, Peng RY.(1).

 2. Anti-inflammatory effect
In the investigation of the anti inflammatory principles from the stem and root barks of Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis SWINGL, indicated that the anti-inflammatory components were xanthyletin (2), nordentatin (3), atalantoflavon (4) and lonchocarpol A (5) which displayed potent nitric oxide (NO)-reducing activity in microglial cells. The structure of this new compound was completely elucidated using a combination of 2D NMR techniques (correlation spectroscopy (COSY), nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY), heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence (HMQC) and heteronuclear multiple bond connectivity (HMBC)) and HR-electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS analyses, according to “Anti-inflammatory principles from the stem and root barks of Citrus medica” by Chan YY, Li CH, Shen YC, Wu TS.(2).

3. Cytotoxic activity
In the evaluation of the cytotoxic activity two melanoma models, such as amelanotic melanoma C32 and malignant melanoma A375 of two coumarins, bergapten and citropten identified in C. bergamia and C. medica cv. Diamante, found that both C. bergamia and C. medica cv. Diamante oils exhibited a selective interesting activity against the A375 cell line with IC(50) values of 79.3 and 89.1 microg/mL, respectively, after 100 min exposure to UV irradiation. The strong antiproliferative activity demonstrated with bergapten (IC(50) value of 71.3 microg/mL after 20 min of irradiation) was not found with citropten, according to “In vitro photo-induced cytotoxic activity of Citrus bergamia and C. medica L. cv. Diamante peel essential oils and identified active coumarins” byMenichini F, Tundis R, Loizzo MR, Bonesi M, Provenzano E, de Cindio B, Menichini F.(3).

4. Etc.

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