Saturday, July 23, 2016

Women Health: The Obesity and Pregnacy' Research and Studies of Risk of Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and Obesity

Kyle J. Norton(Scholar, Master of Nutrients), all right reserved.
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
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Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Obesity is a medical condition of excess body fat accumulated overtime, while overweight is a condition of excess body weight relatively to the height. According to the Body Mass Index(BMI), a BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered over weight, while a BMI of over 30 is an indication of obesity. According to the statistic, 68% of American population are either overweight or obese.

You can calculate your BMI index BMI= weight (kg)/ height (m2)

The Studies of Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and Obesity

Obese pregnant women are at higher risk to develop Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). According to the study by the Case Western Reserve University at MetroHealth Medical Center, in the study of Participants underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) between 24 and 32 weeks pregnancy to determine associations of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and obesity with adversepregnancy outcomes in the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO), posted in PubMed, showed that mean maternal BMI was 27.7, 13.7% were obese (BMI ≥33.0 kg/m(2)), and GDM was diagnosed in 16.1%. Relative to non-GDM and nonobese women, odds ratio for birth weight >90th percentile for GDM alone was 2.19 (1.93-2.47), for obesity alone 1.73 (1.50-2.00), and for both GDM and obesity 3.62 (3.04-4.32).

(1) Optimizing Weight for Maternal and Infant Health – Tenable, or Too Late?
Jacinda M. Nicklas, MD, MPH, MA and Linda A. Barbour, MD, MSPH, FACP(PMC)

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